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Germplasm conservation of Maize, Sorghum, Millets and vegetables from Dhadgaon and Akkalkuwa tribal block of Nandurbar district, Maharashtra State

Sanjay Patil, Ketaki S. Patil, Prafulla Sawarkar and D.K. Kulkarni

BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune- 411 058.

Article Info



Received: 01-08-2015,
Revised: 09-09-2015,
Accepted: 11-09-2015

Tribal communities are custodians of crop diversity and traditional knowledge associated with agriculture. Nandurbar is a tribal district of Maharashtra State.and major communities are Pawara, Bhilla and Kokanaresiding in Dhadgaon and Akkalkuwa blocks.Area under study has unique crop diversity which includes maize, sorghum, minor millets and pulses. Due to modern agriculture and  intervention of  hybrids,  traditional crop diversity is disappearing at a faster rate. There is an urgent need to0 document, collect and conserve neglected and underutilized  germplasm  resources through community participation which are playing very vital role in sustainable  agriculture. The area of Dhadgaon and Akkalkawa was visited for  crop land races diversity. From  19 villages, total 227 farmers were  interviewed, out of  which 92 farmers actively participated in  germplasm collection survey during  the period of November 2010 to September 2011. It was a good opportunity to collect Indigenous Traditional knowledge (ITK) associated with crop cultivation, harvesting and seed storage practices associated w0ith farming system. During field survey, documentation of crop landraces of Sorghum, Maize, Millets,  and Rice was done. It includes 42 types of Sorghum, 46 types of Maize, 89 types of  Millets,  32 types of Rice and 18 different types of  Vegetables along with legume plants with respect to their specific traits. Reasons behind its existence and disappearance has been recorded. Initiative was taken for on farm conservation of selected landraces of Maize and Sorghum wit0h community participation.

Landraces of crops, diversity, traditional on-farm conservation


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How to Cite this Article:
Sanjay Patil, Ketaki S. Patil,Prafulla Sawarkar and D.K. Kulkarni, 2015. Germplasm conservation of Maize, Sorghum, Millets and vegetables from Dhadgaon and Akkalkuwa tribal block of Nandurbar district, Maharashtra State. Science Research Reporter, 5(2): 137-146.

Editor: Dr. Umesh P. Mogle, Printed, Published and Owned by Dr. Umesh P. Mogle, Published from ‘Kaushalyaaie’, P. No. 43, Priyanka Residancy, Mantha Chaufulli Jalna 431203 (M.S.) India.

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