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Genetic diversity among banana cultivars from Odisha using RAPD markers

Usha Kiran1, S. K. Moahnty1, P. S. Roy1, L.Behera2 and P. K. Chand3

1Juan Biotechnology Pvt. Ltd., 2Central Rice Research Institute,
3P. G. Deptt. Of Botany, Utkal University

Article Info



Received: 01-08-2015,
Revised: 25-08-2015,
Accepted: 01-09-2015

Banana serves as an ideal and low cost food source for developing countries. Genetic variations and relationships among ten important banana cultivars of Odisha were evaluated using five decamer RAPD primers. The primers were selected after a preliminary screening of fifteen such primers for their ability to produce clear and reproducible patterns of multiple bands. The analyses resulted in the amplification of totally 24 bands of 300– 3000 bp, of which 18 bands were polymorphic, corresponding to nearly 77.33% genetic diversity. Out of six primers used, two primers namely OPO-10 and OPO-20 generates 100% polymorphism. The average polymorphism per primer was 77.33%. The polymorphism information content (PIC) of the primers in used ranged from 0.43 to 0.73. The resolving power of primer, OPO-20 was the highest (7.6) while that of primer OPP-11 was the lowest (4.0).The presence of a specific RAPD (OPO10-1500bp) band was observed for an endemic cultivar Kathia. The dendrogram analysis revealed the grouping of the cultivars into two major groups. The first groupI was constituted by eight hybrid cultivars distributed in two subgroups of six and two cultivars in sub-cluster IA and IB respectively while the second group II was represented by the two genome sample. Thus, the use of RAPD technique for the study of genetic variations in the banana cultivars was demonstrated. It was also shown that significant amount of genetic diversity existed in the samples studied, thereby providing clear genetic information for future breeding and conservation strategies.

Banana, Odisha, RAPD, PIC, genetic variation

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How to Cite this Article:
Usha Kiran, S. K. Moahnty, P. S. Roy, L.Behera and P. K. Chand, 2015. GC - Genetic diversity among banana cultivars from Odisha using RAPD markers. Science Research Reporter, 5(2):118-124.

Editor: Dr. Umesh P. Mogle, Printed, Published and Owned by Dr. Umesh P. Mogle, Published from ‘Kaushalyaaie’, P. No. 43, Priyanka Residancy, Mantha Chaufulli Jalna 431203 (M.S.) India.

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